tImgnt¡mSv skâv tPmÀPv HmÀ¯tUmIvkv I¯o{U tZhmeb¯nsâ Ncn{X¯nte¡v Hcp Xncnªpt\m«w

1930 apXemWv ae_mdnse IpSntbä¯nsâ Ncn{Xw Bcw`n¡p¶Xv. I¶na®v tXSn ae_mdnse¯nb IpSntbä¡mÀ¡v \nch[n bmX\IÄ A\p`hnt¡­n h¶p. aeaS¡pIfpw tLmch\§fpw t]Sns¸Sp¯pamdv Ahsc Xpdn¨pt\m¡n. ae¼\nbpw Im«pPohnIfpw ]escbpw sIms¶mSp¡n. F¶n«pw `b¶p ]n·mdmsX {]XnIqe kmlNcy§sf AXnPohn¡phm\pÅ Icp¯v AhÀ¡v e`n¨Xv ASn]Xdm¯ ssZhhnizmkw H¶pam{Xambncp¶p.

ae¦c HmÀ¯tUmIvkv k`bpsS ae_mdnse hfÀ¨ Cu IpSntbähpambn _Ôs¸«p InS¡p¶p. HmÀ¯tUmIvkv kpdnbm\n k`ma¡Ä¡v 1943hsc kz´amb Bcm[m\mebw Ncn{Xapd§p¶ tImgnt¡mSv ]«W¯n D­mbncp¶nÃ. A¡meL«¯n hncen F®mhp¶ k`ma¡Ä am{Xta ChnsS D­mbncp¶pÅp. kz´amsbmcp tZhmeb kz]v\w AhÀ A¶v a\Ên Xmtemen¨psIm­ncp¶p. skâv tacokv kn.Fkv.sF. ]ÅnbpsS (Cw¥ojv ]Ån) ]mcnjv lmfnepw, ssh.Fw.kn.F.lmfnepw BWv Cu ImeL«¯n hn.IpÀºm\ AÀ¸n¨p h¶Xv. ae_mdnse IpSntbä¡mcmb Bßob a¡sf tXSn ]ptcmlnXÀ F¯p¶ Ahkc§fn am{Xta hn.IpÀºm\ AÀ¸n¡mdp­mbncp¶pÅp. tX\p¦Â KohÀKokv a¸m³, BÀ¯p¦Â KohÀKokv I¯\mÀ F¶o ]ptcmlnX·mcpsS C¡mes¯ tkh\w ÇmL\obamWv. Ip¶wIpf¯p\n¶pÅ _lpam\s¸« sshZoI t{iãcpw Ahkcw e`n¡pt¼mÄ RmbdmgvNIfn hn. IpÀºm\ \S¯nbncp¶p. GXm­v Ccp]¯nbt©mfw IpSpw_mwK§fn s]Sp¶ \qtdmfw t]À am{Xta A¶p AwK§fmbn D­mbncp¶pÅp.

1942 PqWn _lp. aä¯n iapth I¯\mÀ tImgnt¡m«v h¶tXmSpIqSn RmbdmgvNIfn Bcm[\ apS¡w IqSmsX \S¯nbncps¶¦nepw, 1943emWv CsXmcp CShIbmbn cq]w sImÅp¶Xv. Cu ImeL«¯n _mly tIcf `{Zmk\m[n]\mbncp¶ a«¡Â AeIvkntbmkv amÀ tXthmtZmkntbmkv sa{Xms¸meo¯mbpsS NpaXebnembncp¶p CShI. hn. IpÀºm\ AÀ¸n¨p t]m¶ ]mcojv lmfnse AkuIcyw ImcWw 1943 {]Xnamkw 4 cq] hmSI¡v Hcp ]gb kvIqÄ sI«nS¯n Bcm[\ \S¯nt¸m¶p. XpÑamb hmSI¡p In«n kvIqÄ sI«nSw ]gIn {Zhn¨Xmbncp¶p. am{Xaà kao]hmknIfn \n¶v Akl\obamb ieyhpw D­mbncp¶p. F¦nepw Npcp§nb AwK_eapÅ CShI¡v kz´ambn Øew hm§n ]Ån ]Wnbp¶Xns\]än Nn´n¡m³t]mepw Bhpambncp¶nÃ. F¶m Cu Ahkc¯nemWv ssZh\ntbmKsat¶mWw AknÌâv t^mdÌv I¬kÀthädmbn tPmenbn \n¶pw hncan¨ aWta {io. Fw.kn.Nm­nbpw A¶v ]pXp¸mSnbn ¹mâÀ Bbncp¶ At±l¯nsâ tPjvT ktlmZc³ {io. Fw.kn.t]m¯\pw tImgnt¡mSv Xmakam¡nbXv. k`m kvt\lnIfmbncp¶ ChÀ Cu CShIbpsS inÂ]nIfmIm\mbncp¶p ssZh\ntbmKw.

\mev cq]m hmSI sI«nS¯nte¡v amdp¶Xn\p ap¼v Bcm[\ \S¯nt¸m¶ ]mcnjvlmÄ 1892 tImgnt¡mSv ap\nkn¸menänbn \n¶pw skâv tacokv ]Ån¡mÀ ]Wb¯ns\Sp¯ Øe¯v AhÀ ]WnXXv Bbncp¶p. Ct¸mÄ SmtKmÀ skân\dn lmÄ \n¡p¶ Øeambncp¶p AXv. 1942 ]Wb Imemh[n Ignsª¦nepw skâv tacokv ]Ån¡mÀ AXv ]pXp¡p¶Xn\v \S]Sn FSp¡mXncp¶XpImcWw B ]mcojv lmÄ 580 cq]¡v ]ÅnhnImcn Hcp apkvenw ktlmZc\v hnäp. Cu hnhcadnª {io. Fw.kn.Nm­n kz´amb Hcp Bcm[\mebw th­Xnsâ A\nhmcyX a\Ênem¡n B sI«nSw 1272 cq]¡v ta ]dª apkveoan \n¶v hm§. Øe¯nt·epÅ ]WbmhImiw ]pXp¡n HmÀ¯tUmIvkv k`¡v In«p¶Xn\p th­nbpw B lmÄ Bcm[\mebambn D]tbmKn¡p¶Xn\v A\phmZw e`n¡p¶Xn\mbpw {io. Fw.kn.Nm­n tImgnt¡mSv ap\nkn¸menän¡v At]£ \ÂIn. IqSmsX s]mXpivaim\¯n \½psS CShImwK§fpsS ihkwkvImc¯n\pth­n Hcp Øew A\phZn¨p In«p¶Xn\pw At±lw ap\nkn¸Â I½ojWÀ¡v lcPn \ÂIn. F¶m A[nIrXÀ CXnt·sem¶pw \S]Sn ssIs¡mÅIbp­mbnÃ. skant¯cnbpsS A`mh¯n ktlmZc k`IfpsS skant¯cnbnemWv ihkwkvImcw \S¯nt¸m¶Xv.

AXpt]mse hb\mSp XpS§nb IpSntbä taJebn \n¶v NnInÂk¡mbn tImgnt¡ms« Bip]{XnIfn A`bw {]m]n¨v AhnsS InS¶p acn¨ At\Imbncw arXicoc§Ä Cu CShImwK§fmb {io. kn.Fw.tImin, sI.Fw. C«q¸v, kn.]n. Im¡p, kn.hn.tPmÀÖv F¶nhcpsS t\XrXz¯n Gäphm§n {InkvXob BNmc{]Imcw aäp {InkvXob aXhn`mK§fpsS skant¯cnbn adhpsNbvXncp¶Xv kvXpXyÀlamb tkh\§fnsem¶mbncp¶p. 1943 k]vXw_dn s]mXp skant¯cnbn 75 skâv Øew 14500 cq]¡v CShI¡mcpsS Iq«mb ]cn{ia¯m hm§n¡m\mbn.

]WbmhImiw ]pXp¡p¶Xn\pÅ At]£ ap\nkn¸menän \nckn¨Xn\m A³]Xv hÀjt¯mfw ]g¡apÅ B ]mcojv lmÄ s]mfn¨pamäm³ {io. Fw.kn.Nm­n \nÀ_ÔnX\mbn. ]WbmhImiw ]pXp¡m³ A[nIrXÀ hnk½Xnt¨¡psa¶v ap³Iq«n I­ At±lw Xsâ ktlmZc³ Fw.kn. t]m¯sâ aI³ {io.Fw.]n.sNdnbmsâ t]cn ssh.Fw.kn.F. tdmUn IqSmc¸pcsb¶dnb¸«ncp¶ Hcp sNdnb Øew 727 cq]¡v hm§nbncp¶p. Cu Øe¯v ]mcnjvlmÄ s]mfn¨ km[\w sIm­v Hcp ]Ån ]Wnbm³ ap\nkn¸menänbn \n¶v A\phmZ¯n\t]£n¡pIbpw, apfbpw Hmebpw D]tbmKn¨v XmÂImenI sjÍp­m¡n Bcm[\ AÀ¸n¡pIbpw sNbvXp t]m¶p. F¶m B {]tZiw IpSpw_ Xmak¡mÀ¡pÅ taJebmsW¶ t]cn (dknU³jy Gcnb) ]Ån ]Wnbm³ \ntj[n¡s¸«p. IqSmsX Cu Øew apkveowIfpsS ]pWy`qanbmsW¶ hnizmkw apfsbSp¯Xn\m Fw.]n. sNdnbm\v Øew hnä DSaس Xs¶ AXv Xncn¨p tNmZn¡pIbpw ]Icambn at\mca PwKvj\Sp¯v 13 skâv Øew hmKvZm\w sN¿pIbpw sNbvXp. 1541 cq] 25 ss]k Iq«nsImSp¯v 31.3.1944 Cu Øew {io. Fw.kn. t]m¯\pw Fw.]n. sNdnbm\pw Iq«hIminIfmbn tZhmebw ]Wnbm\pÅ B{Kl¯n kz´am¡n. \½psS CShImwK§Ä Cu Øe e_v[nbn kt´mjn¨psh¦nepw skâv tacokv (Cw¥ojv ]Ån) CShI¡v X§fpsS kao]¯v HmÀ¯tUmIvkv tZhmebw hcp¶Xv A{]oXnIcambncp¶p. skâv tacokv ]Ån¡mcn \n¶p hne¡p hm§nb ]mcojv lmÄ s]mfn¨p amänb Dc¸SnIÄ \mtim·pJambns¡m­ncp¶Xn\m Ah D]tbmKn¨v ]pXnb Øe¯v (\S¡mhnÂ) Hcp tKmUu¬ ]Wnbphm³ {io. Fw.kn. t]m¯\pw {io. Fw.]n.sNdnbm\pw IqSn ap\nkn¸menän¡v At]£ \ÂIn. ]ehn[ FXnÀ¸pIfm tZhmebw ]Wnbphm³ AwKoImcw e`n¡nsöv CShImwK§Ä¡v t_m²yambXn\memWv tKmUu¬ F¶ t]cn lmÄ ]WnXv AXn Bcm[\ \S¯m³ ]cn{ian¨Xv. IpSpw_ Xmak¯n\pÅ taJe (dknU³jy Gcnb) F¶ ]gpXneqsS ap\nkn¸menän tKmUu¬ ]Wnbm\pÅ At]£ XÅn¡fªp. Xmakwhn\m AXnYn aµncw ]Wnbm³ A\paXn e`n¡p¶Xn\mbn ap\nkn¸menän¡v ho­pw At]£ \ÂIn. B ]cn{iaw ]qhWnªp. ]Wnbp¶ sI«nSw AXnYn aµnc¯n\ÃmsX asäm¶n\pw D]tbmKn¡nsö hyhØbnÂta 17.1.1945 tImgnt¡mSv ap\nkn¸menänbn \n¶pw sI«nSw ]Wnbp¶Xn\pÅ A\phmZw In«n. Cu kabt¯msS km¼¯nI tijnbpÅ \½psS kapZmbmwK§Ä ]ecpw tImgnt¡mSv ØncXmak¡mcmbn F¯nbncp¶p. Chcn \ns¶ÃmapÅ klmb klIcW§tfmsS Cu Øe¯n\Sp¯v Xmakn¨ncp¶ ¹mâÀ {io.sI.Sn sNdnbmsâ kaÀ°amb t\XrXzhpw H¯ptNÀ¶t¸mÄ sI«nSw ]Wn hfsc thKw ]ptcmKan¨p. Cu L«§fn Fw.kn. t]m¯\pw, Fw.kn.Nm­nbpw ssI Ab¨v kw`mh\ \ÂIpIbp­mbn.

sI«nS¯nsâ ]Wn ]qÀ¯nbmIm\ncns¡ A¶s¯ ae_mÀ IeÎÀ C.U»yq. s_mhpjnbÀ OBECIS (E.W.Bouchier) Øew kµÀin¡pIbpw At±l¯nsâ A{]oXn tcJs¸Sp¯ns¡m­v {ioam³amÀ Fw.kn.t]m¯³, Fw.]n.sNdnbm³, Fw.kn.Nm­n F¶nhÀ¡v Xmsg ]dbpw {]Imcw FgpXpIbpw sNbvXp.

Ref: B4/16114/45

ae_mÀ IeÎdpsS \S]SnIÄ, tImgnt¡mSv C.U»yp.s_mhpjnbÀ AhÀIÄ OBEICS ap\nkn¸menänIÄþtImgnt¡mSv AXnYn aµncw ]Wnbp¶Xn\pÅ A\paXn.

I®qÀ tdmUn skâv tacokv tZhmeb¯n\v FXnÀhi¯mbn Hcp sI«nSw ]Wn \S¶psIm­ncn¡p¶p. {ioam³amÀ t]m¯³, sNdnbm³ F¶nhÀ Hcp AXnYn aµncw ]Wnbm³ A\paXn tXSns¡m­v At]£n¡pIbpw ap\nkn¸Â I½ojWÀ Sn Bhiy¯n\mbn sI«nSw ]Wnbphm³ ssek³k³kv \ÂInbn«pÅXpamhp¶p. F¶m ]WnXphcp¶ sI«nSw HcXnYn aµncasöpw adn¨v Hcp Bcm[\meb¯n\pt±in¨psIm­pÅXmsW¶pw Rm³ a\Ênem¡p¶p. Fsâ A`n{]mb¯n Cu Øe¯v Hcp Bcm[\mebw ]Wnbp¶Xv kndnb³ {InkvXy³ hn`mK¯nÂs]Sm¯ aXm\pbmbnIfpsS {]tXyIn¨pw skâv tacokv k`bpsS hnImc§sf hrWs¸Sp¯p¶XmWv. BbXn\m Cu {]hÀ¯n hnZym`ymk s]mXpP\mtcmKy hIp¸nsâXmbn ]pds¸Sphn¨ncn¡p¶p. 15.7.1942se 2179þmw \¼À D¯chnsâ A\p_Ôambn tNÀ¯ncn¡p¶ Ìmäyq«dn \nbaw 5 (3)sâ ewL\amWv.

H¸v

20.9.1945 IeÎÀ¡p th­n

Cu D¯chns\XpSÀ¶v ap\nkn¸Â I½ojWÀ Cu XobXnbnÂXs¶ asämcp D¯chp ]pd¯nd¡n. AXn sI«nSw ]Wn \nÀ¯nsh¡p¶Xn\pw ]WnXnSt¯mfw s]mfn¨p \o¡¶Xn\papÅ ImcW§Ä ImWn¨ncp¶p. `qanbpsS DSaØcpw ssek³knIfpamb {ioam³ Fw.kn.t]m¯³, Fw.]n.sNdnbm³ F¶nhÀ¡p ]pdsa ta¸dª D¯chnsâ tIm¸n {io.Fw.kn.Nm­n¡pw Ab¨ncp¶p. {io. Fw.kn.Nm­n 4.10.1945 IeÎÀ¡v FgpXnb adp]Sn C{]Imcambncp¶p.

ae_mÀ IeÎÀ¡v tImgnt¡mSv

4.10.1945

kÀ,

Ref: B4/16114/45 XobXn 19.9.1945

ta ImWn¨ I¯pIn«n. Rm³ Øe¯nÃmXncp¶Xn\mepw 2.10.1945\v am{Xta aS§nsb¯nbpÅpsh¶XpsIm­pw Xm¦Ä¡v t\cs¯ adp]Sn \ÂIm³ IgnbmsX t]mbn. Ignª {]mhiyw Xm¦sf t\cn I­t¸mÄ AXnYn aµncw Hcp ImcWhimepw s]mXp Bcm[\mebambn D]tbmKn¡nsöv Dd¸v \ÂInbncp¶p. sI«nSw tZhmeb¯nsâ {]XoXn P\n¸n¡p¶Xv ]mcnjv lmÄ s]mfn¨ Dcp¸SnIÄsIm­v \nÀ½n¨ncn¡p¶Xn\memWv.

\nbaw ewLn¨psIm­pÅ {]hÀ¯\§fn CSs]Sp¶hcn Gähpw Ahkm\¯h³ am{Xambncn¡pw Rm³. AXnYn aµncw s]mXp Bcm[\mebambn D]tbmKn¡nsöv Rm³ H¶pIqSn Dd¸p Xcs«.

Cu sI«nSs¯]än ]qÀ®hpw bYmÀ°hpamb hnhc§Ä Xm¦sf [cn¸n¨n«nsöv Rm³ a\Ênem¡p¶p. BbXn\m Xm¦sf t\cnÂI­v bYmÀ° hkvXpXIÄ t_m[n¸n¡m³ F\n¡hkcw XcWsa¶t]£n¡p¶p.

F¶v hnizس

H¸v

Fw.kn. Nm­n

tcJmaqeapÅ Dd¸psImSp¯n«pw hyàn]camb \nthZ\§Ä \S¯nbn«pw IeÎdpsS \ne]mSn amäanÃmbncp¶psh¶v At±l¯nsâ 13.10.1945se I¯v hyàam¡p¶p.

From

C.U»yq. s_mhpjnbÀ OBEICS

ae_mÀ IeÎÀ

tImgnt¡mSv.

ae_mÀ IeÎdpsS Hm^okv

tImgnt¡mSv

XobXn 13.10.1945

 

To

  1. Fw.kn.Nm­n

aWtaÂ

tImgnt¡mSv

kÀ,

tZhmeb sI«nS \nÀ½mWs¯ kw_Ôn¨v \n§Ä kaÀ¸n¨ \nthZ\§Ä Rm³ {i²m]qÀÆw hnebncp¯n. Rm³ ssIs¡m­ \ne]mSn \n¶pw hyXnNent¡­Xnsöv Xocpam\n¨ncn¡p¶p. aäp ]cnKW\IÄ amän \nÀ¯nbm sI«nSw Øm]n¨Xv h©\bneqsSbmWv. AXv XoÀ¨bmbpw hnImc§sf Bfn¡¯n¡pw. Cu sI«nSw XoÀ¨bmbpw s]mfn¨p amtä­XmsW¶v Rm³ IcpXp¶p.

H¸v

IeÎÀ

skâv tacokv ]mcojv lmÄ s]mfn¨ hkvXp¡Ä sIm­v sI«nSw ]Wnbm³ A\paXn e`n¨ncp¶Xn\m Ahbp]tbmKn¨v Xs¶bmWv sI«nSw ]WnXXpw tKmsY ssienbnepff apJt¸mSp IqSnb hmXnepIfpw P\epIfpambncp¶p B ]mcojv lmfn\p­mbncp¶Xv. AXp]tbmKn¨v sI«nSw ]WnXt¸mÄ AXn\pw ]mcojv lmfnsâ apJOmb h¶p.

IeÎdpsS taÂ]dª D¯chnsâ ]n¶n {]hÀ¯n¨ iànsb¸än CShImwK§Ä¡v XnIª t_m[ap­mbncp¶psh¦nepw AXnt\mSv {]XnIcn¡p¶Xnt\m {io. Nm­n sImSp¯ Dd¸n \n¶v hyXnNen¡p¶Xnt\m AhÀ X¿mdmbnÃ. Hcp {InkvXy³ hn`mK¡mcpsS Bcm[\meb¯nsâ Bcm[\mebw h¶m BZys¯ Iq«cpsS aXhnImc§sf {hWs¸Sp¯psa¶p ]dbp¶Xnsâ HuNnXyw C¶pw AhyàamWv. skâv tacokv tZhmeb¯n\Sp¯v iÐ tImeml§tfmsS s\bv¯pime {]hÀ¯n¨Xns\Xnscbpw ]«W¯nse hensbmcp IÅpjm¸nse sskczw sISp¯p¶ AhØs¡Xnscbpw {]XnIcn¡msX Hcp {InkvXob tZhmebw kao]¯p hcp¶Xn AklyXb\p`hs¸« tNtXmhnImcw hnNn{Xambn tXm¶p¶p.

Cu Øe¯n\v NpäpaXn sI«¶Xn\pÅ At]£ ap\nkn¸Â I½ojWÀ¡v kaÀ¸n¨psh¦nepw \oXn¡v \nc¡m¯ ]e \n_Ô\IÄ sIm­ph¶v {]Xn_Ô§fp­m¡nb tijamWv ]n¶oSv AXn\p Xs¶ A\paXn e`n¨Xv. tdmUn\v hoXn In«¯¡h®w NpäpaXn ]ndtIm«v \o¡ns¡«Wsa¶pw A{]Imcw sNbvXp XoÀ¯ tijw ]¯p Znhk¯n\Iw hogvN hcp¯msX Adnbn¡Wsa¶pw \nÀt±in¨psIm­mbncp¶p ap\nkn¸Â I½ojWÀ 31.7.1945 Fw.kn. t]m¯\v (Pq\nbÀ) D¯chp \ÂInbXv. IqSmsX ap\nkn¸Â F©n\nbtdmSv aXn ]pdtIm«v amäns¡«pt¼mÄ hn«pIn«p¶ Øew ssIhis¸Sp¯Wsa¶pw A§ns\ sNbvXhnhcw ]Xn\©p Znhk¯n\pÅn hogvN hcp¯msX Adnbn¡Wsa¶pwCu D¯chv \nÀt±in¨ncp¶p. CXnsâsbms¡ ^eambn Øe¯nsâ Hcp aqe`mKw bmsXmcp \ã]cnlmchpw In«msX ap\nkn¸menän¡v ASnbd sht¡­nh¶p.

]e {]Xn_Ô§fpw XcWw sNbvXv 1945 Ahkm\t¯msS sI«nShpw NpäpaXnepw XoÀ¯psh¦nepw {]iv\§Ä ]eXpw _m¡n \n¶p. GXm­v ]Xn\©v amk¡mew IqSn sI«nSw D]tbmKiq\yambn InS¶p. 20.3.1947 ap\nkn¸Â I½ojWÀ, sI«nShpw, ¹m\pw \n_Ô\If\pkcn¨v amä§Ä hcp¯ntbmsb¶v t_m[n¸n¡phm³ {io. Fw.kn. t]m¯t\mSpw {io. Fw.]n sNdnbmt\mSpw \nÀt±in¨psIm­pÅ D¯chp \ÂIn.

24.3.1947 I½ojWÀ sI«nSw ]cntim[n¡pIbpw 26.3.1947 {io. Fw.kn. t]m¯sâbpw {io. Fw.]n.sNdnbmsâbpw t]cn ho­pw Hcp D¯chv ]pds¸Sphn¡pIbpw sNbvXp. sI«nS \nÀ½mW¯n\pÅ A\paXn ]pXp¡phm³ \nÀ±nã t^md¯n ^otkmSpIqsS At]£¡Wsa¶pw A\paXnbnse hyhØIsfÃmw \S¸n hcp¯n sI«nSw AXnYn aµncam¡n amän B Imcyw 14 Znhk¯n\pÅn Adnbn¡Wsa¶pambncp¶p Cu D¯chnsâ DÅS¡w. IqSmsX ta kqNn¸n¨ hyhØIÄ ewLn¡pItbm Cu D¯ch\pkcn¨v {]hÀ¯n¡mXncn¡tbm sNbvXm X¡Xmb \S]SnIsfSp¡m³ Xm³ \nÀ_ÔnX\mhpsa¶pÅ ap¶dnbn¸pw AXn D­mbncp¶p.

At¶ Znhkw Xs¶ ap\nkn¸Â I½ojWÀ {ioam³ Fw.kn. t]m¯³, Fw.]n. sNdnbm³ F¶nhÀ¡nb¨ Hcp¯chv asämcp {]iv\¯n\v XncnsImfp¯n. AXv hmbn¡p¶Xv IuXpIIcambncn¡psa¶Xn\m ChnsS tNÀ¡p¶p.

knþ4/6784 Xn¿Xn: 26.3.1947

sI«nSwþAXnYnaµncwþkv{XoIfpsS 15.3.1947se A²ymßnI tbmKwþImcWw ImWn¡Â t\m«okv

15.3.1947 AXnYn aµnc¯n kv{XoIfpsS Hcp A²ymßnI tbmKw \S¯nbXmbn Fsâ {i²bnÂs]Sp¯nbncn¡p¶p. C¯cw Hcp tbmKw AXnYn aµnc¯n \S¯p¶Xv {io. Fw.]n. sNdnbm\v sI«nS \nÀ½mW¯n\p sImSp¯ A\phmZ¯nse hyhØIÄ¡v hn]coXamWv. ]mÊm¡nbb¨ ¹m\pw hyhØIfpa\pkcn¨v AXnYn aµncw ]Xn\©p amkw Ignªn«pw th­ coXnbn t`ZKXn sNbvXn«nsöXv Cu ewL\¯nsâ Kuchw hÀ²n¸n¡p¶p.

15.3.1947\v kv{XoIfpsS B²ymßnI tbmKw tNcphm³ sI«nSw D]tbmKs¸Sp¯ntbm F¶v aq¶v Znhk¯n\pÅn {io. Fw.]n. sNdnbm³ Adnbnt¡­XmWv. Ds­¦n D.M. BÎpw 1942se sI«nS \nÀ½mW \nba hIp¸pIÄ A\pkcn¨pw Snbms\Xnsc \S]SnsbSp¡mXncn¡m³ ImcWaps­¦n BbXv aq¶v Znhk¯n\pÅn ImWn¡Wsa¶v Adnbn¨psImÅp¶p.

H¸v

I½ojWÀ

IptdImeambn D]tbmKanÃmsX InS¶ncp¶ sI«nSw CShIbnse Iptd kv{XoIÄ s]mSnX«n iNnbm¡nbXmWv kv{XoIfpsS A²ymßnI tbmKambn Nn{XoIcn¡s¸«Xv. Cu sI«nS¯nsâ D]tbmK {Ia¯n Nne tZmssjI Zr¡pIÄ X§fpsS kq£vaZrãn ]Xn¸n¨ncp¶psh¶v Cu kw`hw kqNn¸n¡p¶p. D±nã Bhiyw \S¯m³ Cu sI«nSw D]Icn¡nsöv a\Ênem¡nb CShImwK§Ä ]n¶oSv AXn ]Ww apS¡m³ aSn¨ncp¶p. F¦nepw 26.3.1957se D¯chv {]mhÀ¯nIam¡m³ Gsd ]Ww sNehmt¡­n h¶p. Cu A`nam\£Xw kt´mjt¯msS kzoIcn¨v ]gb kvIqÄ sI«nS¯n Xs¶ Bcm[\ \S¯nt¸m¶p. Cu Ime§fnseÃmw CShImwK§Ä sI«nSw Bcm[\mebambn D]tbmKn¡phm³ X¡h®w A[nImcnIfpsS a\Êv amdWtasb¶v {]mÀ°n¨psIm­ncp¶p. CÃmbvabn \n¶v kzcq]n¨ Im e£t¯mfw cq]m sNehn«v \nÀ½n¨ sI«nSw D]tbmKiq\yambn InS¡p¶Xv CShImwK§Ä¡v hfsctbsd lrZbhyY¡v ImcWam¡n. At¸mtg¡pw Dt±iw 50 IpSpw_§fpw 250 AwK§fpapÅ CShIbmbn hfÀ¶ncp¶p. CShI cq]oIcW¯n\v t\XrXzw \ÂInb _lpam\s¸« imapth amä¯ne¨³ 1944 hnImcn Øm\¯p \n¶v hncan¡pIbpw ]Icw Imcmhm«v sska³ tImÀ F¸nkvtIm¹m hnImcnbmbn. 1944 \hw_À amk¯n _lpam\s¸« sI.]n.hÀKokv I¯\mÀ hnImcnbmbn \nban¡s¸«p. Cu ImebfhnseÃmw A`nhµy HutK³ amÀ Xntam¯ntbkv sa{Xs¸meo¯bpsS (HutK³ _mh) `cW¯n³ Iognembncp¶p Cu tZhmebw. A¶p hscbpw Cu tIm¬{KntKj³ skâv t]mÄkv HmÀ¯tUmIvkv kndnb³ NÀ¨v F¶ t]cnemWv Adnbs¸«ncp¶Xv. IÀ¯mhnsâ [oc]Sbmfnbmbncp¶ KohÀKokv klZmbpsS \ma¯n \S¡mhn kz´am¡nb Øe¯v ]pXnb ]Ån ]WnIgn¸n¡Wsa¶Xmbncp¶p CShImwK§fpsS GIm`n{]mbw. AXn\p th­n sI.]n. KohÀKok¨\pw CShImwK§fpw IqSn skâv t]mÄkv HmÀ¯tUmIvkv kndnb³ NÀ¨v F¶ t]À amän skâv tPmÀÖv HmÀ¯tUmIvkv NÀ¨v F¶m¡m³ ]cnip² kp¶ltZmknt\mSv At]£n¨p. CShImwK§fpsS B{Klw ]cnip² kp¶ltZmkv AwKoIcn¡pIbpw sNbvXp. A¶p apX Cu tZhmebw skâv tPmÀÖv HmÀ¯tUmIvkv NÀ¨v F¶ t]cn Adnbs¸SpIbpw sNbvXp. 1947 Pq¬ hsc At±lw hnImcnbmbn tkh\a\pjvTn¨p. _. KohÀKokv A¨³ hnImcn Øm\¯p \n¶v hncan¨Xns\ XpSÀ¶v 1947 Pqsse amk¯n _lpam\s¸« sI.Fw.]mt{Xmʨ³ hnImcnbmbn NpaXetbäp.

_lpam\s¸« sI.Fw.]t{Xmʨ³ hnImcnbmbncn¡pt¼mgmWv 1947 BKÌn {io. sP.kn. {Kn^v¯v sF.kn.Fkv. ae_mÀ IeÎdmbn NpaXetb¡p¶Xv. _lpam\s¸« ]t{Xmk¨\pw {io. Fw.]n.sNdnbm\pw IqSn CShImwK§fpsS {]iv\§Ä ae_mÀ IeÎdpambn Nne IqSn¡mgvNIÄ \S¯n. IqSmsX 17.9.1947 Bcm[\meb¯n\pÅ A\phmZw In«p¶Xn\p th­n IeIvSÀ¡v lÀPn kaÀ¸n¨p. Iptd \mfs¯ hnNn´\¯n\pw A`n{]mbmcmbW¯n\pw tijw 8þ11þ47þ {io {Kn^v¯v Xmsg sImSp¯ncn¡p¶ D¯chnd§n..

ae_mÀ IeIvSdpsS \S]SnIÄ sI.kn. {Kn^v¯v I.C.S AhÀIÄ tImgnt¡mSv 8þ11þ47.

ap\nkn¸Â tImgnt¡mSv ap\nkn¸menän Sn.Fkv. \¼À 704þhmÀUv \¼À III _vtfm¡v \¼À II þ hSt¡ Xfnb¯v F¶ aqe¡­n ]d¼vþ A\phmZw \ÂIp¶p. kndnb³ {InkvXy³ tZhmeb I½än sk{I«dn Fw.sI. a¯mbn apX t]cpsS lcPn. tImgnt¡mSv BÀ.Un.H.bpsS \S]SnIÄ

\¼À N.DIS 10081147 Xn¿Xn 18.1047

tImgnt¡mSv ap\nkn¸menänbnse Sn.Fkv. 704þse sI«nSw Hcp aXm\ph`mhnIfpsS Bcm[\mebambn D]tbmKn¡p¶Xn hntcm[sam¶pw IeIvSÀ ImWp¶nÃ.

 

D¯chn³ {]Imcw

(H¸v)

Fw.Fkv. ]Wn¡À

IeIvSÀ¡p th­n

H¸v

kq{]­ w hn`mKw

 

To

{io. Fw.sI. a¯mbn

sk{I«dn

kndn³ {InkvXy³ ]Ån¡½än

]IÀ¸v: (1) I½ojWÀ,

tImgnt¡mSv ap\nkn¸Â Iu¬knÂ

(2) BÀ.Un.H.XlknÂZmÀ

IeÎdpsS A\phmZw In«nb hnhcw CShImwK§fpsS CSbn Im«pXot]mse ]SÀ¶p. At¶ Znhkw sshIo«v GgpaWntbmsS `qcn`mKw CShImwK§fpw X§Ä hnbÀs¸mgp¡n ]WnIgn¸n¨ sI«nS¯n H¯pIqSn. _lp. sI.Fw. ]t{Xmk¨sâ tXXrXz¯n IcpWm\n[nbmb ssZh¯n\v kvtXm{Xw AÀ¸n¨p. sI«nSw tZhmebam¡n cq]m´cs¸Sp¯nsbSp¡p¶Xnembn ]ns¶ {i² apgph\pw. AhÀ¡v C¡mcy¯n AS¡m\mhm¯ Bthiambncp¶p.

D¯chv In«nbXnsâ ]ntä Znhkw (9.11.47) ]pXnb tZhmeb¯nsâ Xm¡menI IqZmimIÀ½w _. ]t{Xmk¨sâ ImÀanIXz¯n \S¶p. `qcn`mKw CShImwK§fpw Cu Znhyamb ip{iqjbn `àn ]pcÊcw kw_Ôn¡pIbpw X§fpsS NncImem`nemjambn a\Ên Xmtemen¨p hfÀ¯nb tZhmeb kz]v\w ]qhWnªXn ssZhs¯ alXzs¸Sp¯pIbpw sNbvXp.

D¯chv In«nbXnsâ ]ntä Znhkw (9þ11þ47) ]pXnb tZhmeb¯nsâ Xm¡menI IpZmimIÀ½w _. ]t{Xmk¨sâ ImÀanIXz¯n \S¶p. `qcn`mKw CShImwK§fpw Cu Znhyamb ip{iqjbn `àn ]pcÊcw kw_Ôn¡pIbpw X§fpsS NncImem`nemjambn a\Ên Xmtemen¨p hfÀ¯nb tZhmeb kz]v\w ]qhWnªXn ssZhs¯ alXzs¸Sp¯pIbpw sNbvXp.

kndnb³ HmÀ¯tUmIvkv hn`mK¡mÀ¡v Bcm[\mebw A\phZn¨p In«nbXn Akqbmep¡fmbhÀ A[nImcnIfn k½À±w sNep¯nbXnsâ ^eambn Bcm[\mebambn D]tbmKn¡msa¶ IeIvSdpsS D¯chv \o«ns¡m­pt]mIp¶Xn\p th­n ap\nkn¸menän Nne kmt¦XnI XS椀 sIm­ph¶p. {io.Fw.kn. t]m¯sâbpw {io.Fw.]n.sNdnbmsâbpw t]cnepÅ `qanbn ]WnX sI«nS¯n Bcm[\¡pÅ A\phmZw ]Ån sk{I«dn¡v sImSp¡phm³ ]mSpÅXsömbncp¶p ]pXnb XSÊhmZw. XpSÀ¶v 22.11.47 {ioam³amÀ Fw.kn. t]m¯\pw Fw.]n. sNdnbm\pw Iq«mbn I½ojWÀ¡v FgpXnb I¯n Øe¯nsâ DSaØmhImiw HmÀ¯tUmIvkv kndnb³ tZhmeb¯n\v ssIamdnbXmbpw Adnbn¨p. A§s\ B XSÊhmZhpw XcWw sNbvXp. A¶p apX tZhmeb¯n hnip² Bcm[\ XSÊw IqSmsX \S¯m³ XpS§pIbpw sNbvXp.

1947 Unkw_dn _lpam\s¸« sI.Fw.]t{Xmk¨³ hnImcn Øm\¯p \n¶v hncan¡pIbpw ]Icw 1948 P\phcn amk¯n _lp.hn.tUhnUv A¨³ hnImcnbmbn NpaXetb¡pIbpw G{]n amkw hsc At±lw tZhmeb¯n Bcm[\ \S¯pIbpw sNbvXp. 1948 sabv amk¯n _lp. Sn.Pn. amXypk¨³ CShIbpsS hnImcnbmbn NpaXetbäp. kvXpXyÀlamb At±l¯nsâ tkh\w 1950 Unkw_À hsc \o­p\n¶p.

ae¦c HmÀ¯tUmIvkv k`bpsS Ncn{X¯n X¦en]nIfm FgpXnt¨Àt¡­ Hcp kw`h¯n\v Cu ]Ån km£yw hln¨Xv {]tXyIw {]kvXmhyamWv. {_n«ojv `cWIme¯v ae_mdnepÅ hntZi ]«mf¡mcpsS Nms¹bn Bbn {]hÀ¯n¨p t]m¶ ^mZÀ temd³kv Fkv. PmIvk¬ HmÀ¯tUmIvkv k`bpsS Bcm[\bnepw hnizmk {]amW§fnepw BNmcm\pjvT\§fnepw BIrjvS\mbn. Xmt_mdnse ap\nhcy\pw A¶v \ncWw `{Zmk\m[n]\pamb tXmam amÀ Znh¶m\ntbmkv sa{Xmt¸men¯mbpsS tXtPmheb¯n At±lw DÄs¸«p. B klhmkw HmÀ¯tUmIvkv k`sb¡pdn¨v IqSpX Adnbphm\pw ]Tn¡m\pw ^m. PmIvk\v hgnsbmcp¡n. 1949þ At±lw tXmam amÀ Znh¶mkntbmkv sa{Xms¸men¯mbn \n¶v IpÈoim ]«w kzoIcn¨p. kphntij ZuXyhpambn ]mÝmXy \m«n \n¶v `mc¯nse¯nb Hcp anjy\dn hoc³ ]uckvXy k`bpsS ]utcmlnXy ]Zhnbnte¡pbÀ¯s¸«Xv ssZh\ntbmKw am{XamWv. At±lw ]«taäXp apX 1951 G{]n hsc Cu ]ÅnbpsS AknÌâv hnImcnbmbn BZyw _lp. Sn.Pn.amXypk¨t\msSm¸hpw ]n¶oSv _lp. F³.hn. AeIvkm­À A¨t\msSm¸hpw tkh\a\pjvTn¨p. Cu ImeL«¯n RmbdmgvNIfn c­p kÀÆokpIÄ \S¯nt¸m¶p. “kmbn¸¨³’ F¶v kvt\l]pcÊcw hnfn¨pt]m¶ ^m. temd³kv Fkv. PmIvk¬ Cw¥ojnepw aebmf¯nemambn hn. IphÀºm\ AÀ¸n¨p. kz´w amXmhnsâ tZlmkzmØyw \nan¯w AhcpsS ip{iqj¡mbn Cw¥­nte¡v t]mb ^m.ted³kv Fkv. PmIvk³ AhnsS A´cn¨ ZpxJhmÀ¯bmWv ]n¶oSv tI«Xv.

Cu ImeL«¯n hfsc Npcp¡w t]sc CShImwK§fp­mbncp¶pÅp. Chcn Xs¶ ]Ån¡p th­n \nkzmÀ° tkh\a\pjvTn¨ Nnescsb¦nepw ChnsS kvacn¡mXncn¡m\mhnÃ. {ioam³ Fw.sI. a¯mbn, sI.Fw.C«p¸v, kn.Fw.tImin, F.]n. Nm¡p®n, Sn.hn. t]mÄ, kn.]n. Im¡p, ]n.sI. ss]tem, Ipcnb³ A{_lmw, ]nSn.Sn.DXp¸v, DXp¸v, sI.sF.Xmcp, sI.Fw.Nm¡p®n F¶nhÀ CShIbpsS ]ptcmKXn¡p th­n FÃm {]XnkÔnItfbpw XcWw sN¿phm³ kZm k¶²cmbp­mbncp¶p.

1950Ifn _lp. F³. hn. AeIvkm­À A¨sâ t\XrXz¯n tImgnt¡mSv CShI Xg¨phfÀ¶p. At±lw 1951 P\phcnbnemWv hnImcnbmbn Øm\tae¡p¶Xv. Iptd¡meambn hmSImSnØm\¯n hnImcnbpsS hkXnbmbn D]tbmKn¨pt]m¶ ]ÅnbpsS sXm«v hS¡p `mK¯pÅ Øehpw sI«nShpw 1951þ 5600 cq]¡v ]Ån hne¡p hm§n. Cu XpIbn 3400 cq]m CShIbnse c­mwK§Ä kw`mh\ sNbvXv {]tXyIw kvacWobamWv.

Hcp k\ymkn ]ptcmlnX³ Bb _. A¨³ PohnXNcyIfn \njvSbpÅ hyànbmbncp¶p. CShIbnse Sunday kvIqÄ, h\nXm kamPw F¶nhbpsS {]hÀ¯\w DuÀÖnXs¸Sp¯p¶Xnepw hÀjwtXmdpw kphntijtbmK§Ä kwLSn¸n¨v CShImwK§sf Bßob \ndhpÅhcm¡phm\pw A¨³ ]cn{ian¨p. hnkvXrXamb ae_mÀ {]tZi¯v _. A¨³amÀ IpdhmbXn\m bm{Xm t¢i§Ä hIsh¡msX \ne¼qÀ, s]cn´Âa®, ]pfnbt¡mSv, ]pXp¸mSn XpS§nb Øe§fn F¯n kpdnbm\n k`m a¡fpsS Bßobmhiy§Ä \ndthänt¸m¶Xv _. AeIvkm­À A¨³ Bbncp¶p.

1953þÂ, ae_mÀ, ssakqdnse Z£nW Im\dPnÃ, Xangv\mSv kwØm\¯nse KqVÃqÀ Xmeq¡v F¶o IpSntbä taJeIÄ DÄs¡mÅn¨v ae_mÀ Z{`mk\w cq]oIcn¨p. Éo_m Zmk kaql¯nsâ Øm]I\mb aq¡t©cnbn ]t{Xmkv d¼ms\ 1953 sabv 15\v ]t{Xmkv amÀ Hkv¯m¯ntbmkv F¶ t]cn sa{Xms¸men¯bmbn A`ntjIw sN¿pIbpw ]pXpXmbn cq]wsIm­ ae_mÀ Z{Zmk\¯nsâ {]Ya kmcYnbmbn \nban¡pIbpw sNbvXp. A`nhµy Xncpta\n¡v tImgnt¡mSv CShI _. AeIvkm­À A¨sâ s\XrXz¯n Dujvafamb kzoIcWw \ÂIpIbp­mbn. 1956þ ]t{Xmkv amÀ Hkv¯m¯ntbmkv Xncpta\nbpsS ImÀanIXz¯n IjvSm\phbmgvN ip{iqjIÄ CShIbn \S¶p. ae_mdn BZyambn \S¶ “Im IgpI ip{iqj’ ]eÀ¡pw ]p¯³ A\p`hambncp¶p.

Cu Imebfhn ]pXp¸mSn `mK¯v kpdnbm\n k`mwK§fmb IpSntbdn ]mÀ¸pImcpsS kwJyhÀ²n¨p. Bßobmhiy§Ä¡mbn AhÀ¡v tImgnt¡mSv ]Ånsb kao]n¡tb \nÀÆmlap­mbncp¶pÅp. _.AeIvkm­À A¨³ amk¯n Ahkm\s¯ RmbdmgvN ]pXp¸mSnbn hnip² IpÀºm\ AÀ¸n¡pIbpw AhnSps¯ P\§fpsS Bßobmhiy§Ä \nÀÆln¨p t]mcpIbpw sNbvXp. CXv 1957 hsc XpSÀ¶pt]m¶p.

1960 Bhpt¼mtg¡pw CShImwK§fpsS kwJy hÀ²n¡pIbpw tZhmeb¯nse Øe]canXn A\p`hs¸SpIbpw sNbvXp. CXv ]cnlcn¡m\mbn _. A{_lmw A¨sâ Ime¯v ]ÅnbpS Ccphi§fnepw ]mXIÄ \nÀan¨p. CtX Ahkc¯n ]Ån ]mgvktWPv ]pXp¡n ]WnXp. skâv tPmÀPv Atkmkntbjsâ {]hÀ¯\w Bcw`n¨Xpw Cu Ahkc¯nembncp¶p. ae¦c k`bpsS ]cmam²y£\mbncp¶ ]cnip² _mtkentbmkv KohÀKokv ZznXob³ ImtXmen¡m _mhm Xncpta\n 1960þ CShIbn Fgps¶ÅpIbpw hn. IpÀ_m\ AÀ¸n¡pIbpw sNbvXXv Ncn{X¯nsâ XmfpIfn ad¡m\mhm¯ kw`hamWv.

A²ym]I ]cnioe\¯n\mbn 1961þ HIvtSm_dn tImgnt¡mSv h¶ _.]n.Fw. tIminb¨³ Hcp hÀj¡mew ]Ånbn AknÌâv hnImcnbmbn tkh\a\pjvTn¨ kw`hw \µntbmsS kvacn¡p¶p. 1962 HIvtSm_dn _.kn.hn.A{_lmw A¨³ hnImcn Øm\¯p \n¶v hncan¡pIbpw ]Icw _.Fw.F. hÀKokv ]Wn¡c¨³ (Ct¸mÄ kndn d¼m³) hnImcnbmbn NpaXetb¡pIbpw sNbvXp. 1963 Unkw_dn _. hÀKokv ]Wn¡c¨³ hnImcn Øm\¯p \n¶v hncan¡pIbpw _. Sn.Pn. tPmW¨³ hnImcnbmbn \nbanX\mhpIbpw sNbvXp. tI{µa{´n F.Fw.tXmakv 1964þ ^n{_phcn 7\v CShI kµÀin¡pIbpw CShImwK§Ä At±l¯n\v kzoIcWw \ÂIpIbpw sNbvXp. _.Sn.Pn. tPmW¨³ 19656. s^{_phcn hsc hnImcn Øm\w XpSÀ¶p. 1965þG{]n amk¯n _.Sn.kn. a¯mbn A¨sâ hnImcnbmbn NpaXetb¡p¶Xphs _.Fw.Fw A{_lmw A¨³ Akn. hnImcnbmbncp¶p.

tImgnt¡mSv CShIbv¡v ]pXnb DWÀhpw Bßob ssNX\yhpw e`yambXv _lp. Sn.kn. a¯mbn A¨sâ BKa\t¯msSbmWv. At±l¯nsâ {]hÀ¯\w Cu CShIbn am{Xw HXp§n \n¶nÃ. kao] {]tZi§fn ]pXnb ]ÅnIÄ ]Wnbphm\pw AhnSps¯ P\§fpsS Bßob hfÀ¨¡v klmbIamb {]hÀ¯\§Ä¡v At±lw t\XrXzhpw amÀK\nÀt±ihpw \ÂIn.

ae_mdnse GI F©n\obdnwKv tImtfPmb Nm¯awKew doPyW F©n\obdnwKv tImtfPnse A²ym]IÀ¡pw hnZymÀ°nIÄ¡pw kao] {]tZi§fnse kpdnbm\n {InkvXym\n k`mwK§Ä¡pw th­n Nm¯awKe¯v Hcp Bcm[\mebw D­mtI­Xnsâ BhiyIX _lp. A¨³ a\Ênem¡n. AhnsS ]Ån \nÀ½mW {]hÀ¯\¯n\mbn tImgnt¡mSv CShImwK§fmb {io.F.sP. A{_lmw, {io.kn.Fw. tImin, {io. sFk¡v, {io. Fw.kn. t]m¯³ F¶nhsc DÄs¸Sp¯n I½nän cq]oIcn¡pIbpw sNbvXp. Cu I½nänbpsS ]cn{ia¯m ]Ån¡pth­n AhnsS Øew hm§pIbpw ]Ån ]Wn Bcw`n¡pIbpw sNbvXp. Cu ]Ån ]Wnbp¶Xn\v CShImwK§fn \n¶v ]ncnshSp¯p \ÂInb kw`mh\ IqSmsX ]ÅnhIbmbn Aªqdv cq]bpw \ÂIpIbp­mbn. IqSmsX amhqÀ ]Ån \n¡p¶ Øew P³aw XoÀ hm§m³ Bhiyamb 750 cq]bn 500 cq]bpw tImgnt¡mSv ]ÅnbmWv \ÂInbXv. tImgnt¡mSv saUn¡Â tImtfPn\Sp¯v Hcp Bcm[\mebw thWsa¶ Bibw A¶papXte _.Aѳ a\Ên Xmtemen¨psIm­ncp¶p.

A`nhµy ]t{Xmkv amÀ Hkv¯m¯ntbmkv Xncpta\nbpsS hmÀ[Iyhpw £oWhpw ImcWw 1966 \hw_À 11\v A`nhµy tXmakv amÀ Xoa¯ntbmkv sa{Xms¸men¯msb ae_mÀ `{Zmk\¯nsâ klmbsa{Xm\mbn ]cnip² kp¶ltZmkv \nban¨p.

ae_mdnsâ BØm\amb tImgnt¡ms«¯nb A`nhµy Xncpta\nsb tImgnt¡mSv CShImwK§Ä sdbnÂsh tÌj\n sh¨v `àymZcthmsS kzoIcn¨v ]Ånbnte¡m\bn¨p. ]t­ emfnXy PohnXw ssIapXem¡nb A`nhµy Xncpta\n tImgnt¡mSv ]Ånbnse sNcnhp apdn Xm¡menI BØm\am¡n {]hÀ¯\w Bcw`n¨p. Xmakwhn\m tImgnt¡mSv \n¶pw Ccp]¯nc­p IotemaoäÀ amdn Nm¯awKew ]©mb¯nse aeb½ F¶ Øe¯v Hcp hmSI sI«nS¯nte¡v BØm\w amän. CÃmbvabn \n¶v `{Zmk\s¯ ]Sn]Snbmbn DbÀ¯ns¡m­phcm³ \nZm\ambXv A`nhµy Xncpta\nbpsS {]hÀ¯\hpw {]mÀ°\bpw am{XamWv. X§fpsS BßobKpcp hmSIs¡«nS¯n Xmakn¡p¶Xv `qjWasöv I­ k`m a¡Ä, hninjym tImgnt¡ms« CShImwK§Ä 1967þ Ccp]¯nA¿mbncw cq] kamlcn¨v A`nhµy Xncpta\nsb G¸n¡pIbpw AXpsIm­v I«m§en \mev G¡À Øew hm§pIbpw AhnsS Ipdn¡pIbpw sNbvXp.

ae¦c HmÀ¯tUmIvk k`bpsS ]cam[y£³ ]cnip² _tkentbmkv HutK³ {]Ya³ ImtXmen¡m _mhm 1967 amÀ¨v amkw 8þmw Xn¿Xn CShI kµÀin¡pIbpw CShIbpsS A`nhr²nbn k´pjvSn {]ISn¸n¡pIbpw sNbvXp. ae_mÀ Z{Zmk\¯nsâ `cWNpaXe apgph\pw AknÌâmbn \nbanX\mb A`n. tXmakv amÀ Xntam¯ntbmkv sa{Xms¸meo¯¡v ssIamdnbtijw hn{iaPohnXw \bn¨pt]m¶ ]t{XmkvamÀ Hkv¯m¯ntbmkv sa{Xms¸men¯m 1968 s^{_phcn c­n\v CltemIhmkw shSnªp.

_. a¯mbv A¨sâ Ime¯v CShIbnse Bßob {]hÀ¯\§fpw hfsctbsd ]ptcmKan¨p. 1960 {]hÀ¯\amcw`n¨ Cu ImeL«¯n hfsctbsd ]ptcmKan¨p. hnZym`ymk¯n\v km¼¯nI klmbw BhiyambhÀ¡v \ÂIpI. hnhmlmhiy¯n\v klmbw \ÂIpI, tem¬, kvtImfÀjn¸v \ÂIpI XpS§nb PohImcpWy {]hÀ¯\§Ä¡v Atkmkntbj³ ap³ssI FSp¯Xv CShImwK§fnepw, ]pd¯pÅ ]eÀ¡pw D]Imc{]Zambn«p­v. {InkvXpakv ItcmÄ, dn{Soäv, I¬h³j³ XpS§nb kwc`§fpw Cu ImeL«¯n apS¡w IqSmsX \S¶pt]m¶p.

]cm[o\XIfn \n¶psIm­v Xs¶ CShI¡v ]pd¯pÅhÀ¡pw klmblkvXw \o«p¶Xn CShI ]nt¶m¡w \n¶n«nÃ. 1968 shÅs¸m¡ ZpcnXmizmk \n[nbnte¡v CShI kw`mh\ \ÂIpIbp­mbn. Ach©m HmÀ¯tUmIvkv FtÌänsâ hnIk\ {]hÀ¯\¯n\v kw`mh\ \ÂInbXpw Cu ImeL«¯nemWv.

1956se `mjm kwØm\ cq]oIcWw \S¶XpapXte ae_mdnse IpSntbä¡mcpsS kwJybpw {IamXoXambn hÀ²n¨p. aZncmin kwØm\¯n DÄs¸«ncp¶ Ime¯v ae_mÀ Hcp Pnà Bbncps¶¦n tIcft¯mSv tNÀ¡s¸«Xns\ XpSÀ¶v ae_mÀ, ]me¡mSv, tImgnt¡mSv, I®qÀ F¶n§s\ aq¶v PnÃIfmbn hn`Pn¡s¸«p. Cu aq¶v PnÃIfnte¡pw, hnhn[ DtZymK¯n\mbn ]ecpw F¯ns¸«XmWv FSp¯p]db¯¡ kw`hhnImkw. C§ns\ F¯nbhcn kpdnbm\n {InkvXym\nIfpsS AwKkwJybpw H«pw Ipdhmbncp¶nÃ. kzm`mhnIambpw CShImwK§fpsS AwKkwJybpw hÀ²n¨p. Bcm[\ \S¯nt¸m¶ ]ÅnbpsS Øe]cnanXn IqSpX IqSpXembn A\p`hs¸«p XpS§nbtXmsS ]pXnb ]Ån ]Wnbp¶Xns\¸änbpw BtemNn¨p XpS§n.

1969 G{]n amkw 29þmw XobXn RmbdmgvN _. Sn.kn. a¯mbn A¨sâ A[y£Xbn ]ÅnbI¯p IqSnb amt\PnwKv I½änbwK§fpsSbpw {]tXyIw £WnXm¡fpsSbpw tbmK¯n sh¨v ]pXnb tZhmebw ]Wnbp¶Xn\v A\ptbmPyamb Øew I­p]nSn¡p¶Xn\pw ]Xn\mbncw cq] hsc AUzm³kv sImSp¡p¶Xn\pw Bbn _. A¨s\ IqSmsX {io. kn.hn. tPmÀÖns\bpw {io. sI.kn. tNdp¡p«ntbbpw NpaXes¸Sp¯n. ChcpsS A{im´ ]cn{ia^eambn _nem¯nIpfw tdmUn Hcp G¡À 10 skâv hnkvXoÀ®apÅ ]Snªmsd ac¡m«p]d¼v F¶ Øe¯n\v Hcp e£¯n]Xn\mbncw (1,10,000) cq] hne \nÝbn¨v ]Xn\mbncw cq] AUzm³kv sImSp¯v IcmÀ FgpXn. Bdp amk¯n\Iw ]dsªm¯ XpI \ÂIn B[mcw cPnÌÀ sN¿Wsa¶mbncp¶p hyhØ. C{Xbpw `oaamb XpI kamlcn¡p¶Xns\¸än BtemNn¡m³ 5.5.1969 Xn¦fmgvN tNÀ¶ tbmK¯n I½änbwK§Ä DÄs¸sS 26 t]À lmPcp­mbncp¶p. FÃm CShImwK§fpw Hcp amks¯ hcpam\w Øew hm§p¶Xn\pw XpSÀ¶v ]Ån ]Wnbp¶Xn\pambn kw`mh\ sN¿Wsa¶mbncp¶p I½nänbpsS GIm`n{]mbw. AÂ`pXsa¶v ]dbs« ssZhmßmhn {]tNmZnXcmbmWv A¶v Hmtcmcp¯cpw Ignhn¶¸pdamb hmKvZm\w \ÂInbXv. B tbmK¯n sh¨v 85000 cq]bpsS hmKvZm\w e`n¨psh¶ hkvXpX kvacn¡pt¼mÄ A©¸w sIm­v A¿mbncw t]sc t]mjn¸n¨ tijw ]{´­v h³sIm« an¨saSp¯ IÀ¯mhnsâ AÂ`pXamWv HmÀ½bn hcp¶Xv. Xocm[mcw cPnÌÀ sN¿m³ DS¼Sn {]Imcw Bdv amkw D­mbncp¶psh¦nepw DS¼Sn¡v tijw tIhew c­pamkw sIm­p Xs¶ Cu XpI \ÂIn Øew kz´am¡m³ BbXv ssZhIr]sbm¶pam{XamWv A§ns\ Ct¸mÄ ]Ån \n¡p¶ Øew 17.06.1969\v CShIbptSXmbn.

Cu Øe¯v ]Ån ]WnbpI F¶ `mcn¨ D¯chmZnXzw AXnepw hepXmbncp¶p. ImcWw At¸mtg¡pw Bbnc¯ne[nIw AwK§fpw Ccp\qänb¼tXmfw IpSpw_mwK§fpw DÅ Hcp henb CShIbmbn CXv hfÀ¶ncp¶p. Ncn{X {]kn²amb tImgnt¡mSv ]«W¯nsâ {]uVn¡pw hÀjw tXmdpapÅ AwK§fpsS B\p]mXnI hfÀ¨ ASnØm\am¡n A³]Xv hÀjs¯ ZoÀLho£Wt¯msSbpw thWambncp¶p tZhmebw cq]I¸\ sNt¿­Xv. CXn\mhiyamb `oaamb XpI F§ns\ D­m¡Wsa¶Xmbncp¶p GI Nn´.

]Ån \nÀ½mW¯n\mbn 15.06.1969 ]Ån I½nänsb IqSmsX ]Ån \nÀ½mW P\d I½nänbpw AtXmsSm¸w {io.F.sP.A{_lmw I¬ho\À Bbn H¼XwK _nÂUnwKv I¬kv{S£³ FIvknIyq«ohv I½nänbpw cq]oIcn¨p. _lp. a¯mbn A¨s\bpw I¬hn\sdbpw IqSmsX {ioam³ amÀ Ipcnb³ A{_lmw, tUm.]n.Sn.sF¸v, Fw.kn. t]m¯³, tPmk^v AeIvkm­À, Fw.kn. hÀKokv, {ioaXn Fw.]n. sNdnbm³, sI.kn.tNdp¡p«n F¶nhcS§p¶Xmbncp¶p Cu FIvknIyq«ohv I½nän. F©n\obÀ {io. tPmk^v AeIvkm­sd ]pXnb ]ÅnbpsS ¹m\pw FÌntaäpw X¿mdm¡n kaÀ¸n¡m³ NpaXes¸Sp¯n. 1969 BKÌv c­mw Xn¿Xn i\nbmgvN IqSnb FIvknIyq«nhv I½nän {io. tPmk^v AeIvkm­À cq]I¸\ sNbvX ¹m\pw FÌntaäpw AwKoIcn¨p. 1969þBKÌv aq¶mw Xn¿Xn RmbdmgvN hn. IpÀ_m\m\´cw tNÀ¶ amt\PnwKv I½nänbpsSbpw NÀ¨v _nÂUnwKv P\d I½nänbpsSbpw kwbpàtbmKw FIvknIyq«ohv I½nän AwKoIcn¨ ¹m\n\pw FÌntaän\pw AwKoImcw \ÂIn. XpSÀ¶v [\kamlcW amÀ¤§sf¡pdn¨v hniZamb NÀ¨IÄ \S¡pIbpw aq¶v {][m\ amÀ¤§sf¡pdn¨v Xocpam\saSp¡pIbpw sNbvXp. tkmh\oÀ {]kn²oIcn¨pw Iem]cn]mSnIÄ \S¯nbpw dm^nÄ kwLSn¸n¨pw ]Ww kamlcn¡p¶Xn\pw Bbncp¶p Xocpam\w. Ch Hmtcm¶nsâbpw hnPbIcamb \S¯n¸n\v {]tXyI I½nänIÄ cq]oIcn¡pIbpw sNbvXp. tkmh\oÀ I½nänbpsS I¬ho\dmbn {io..F.sP. A{_lmans\bpw Iem]cn]mSn I½nänbpsS I¬ho\dmbn {ioaXn. Fw.]n. sNdnbms\bpw dm^nÄ I½nänI¬ho\dmbn {io.Fw.kn. amXyphns\bpw sXcsªSp¯p. CXn\v ]pdsa hnhn[ Øe§Ä kµÀin¨v ]Ån ]Wn¡v ]Ww kamlcn¡m³ _lp. a¯mbn A¨s\ I½nän NpaXes¸Sp¯pIbpw sNbvXp.

Cu I½nänIfpsS {]hÀ¯\w ]ptcmKan¨psIm­ncns¡ Xs¶ 1970 P\phcn 18þmw Xn¿Xn RmbdmgvN hn.IpÀ_m\m´cw hensbmcp P\kRvPb¯ns\ km£n \nÀ¯n, ae_mÀ `{Zmk\m[n]³ tXmakv amÀ. Xotam¯ntbmkv sa{Xms¸men¯m ]pXnb ]ÅnbpsS inemØm]\ IÀ½w \nÀÆln¨p. ]Ån¸Wn¡v th­n At¸mgpw ]W¸ncnhv DuÀÖnXambn \S¶psIm­ncp¶p. ]Ån¡mhiyamb HmSv kw`mh\bmbn kzoIcn¡m³ “ssSÂsUmt\j³ ImÀUv A¨Sn¨p hnXcWw sNbvXXv hn`hkamlcW¯n\v asämcp \qX\ amÀ¤ambncp¶p.

]Ån ]WnbpsS Imcyw ]dbpt¼mÄ, {io. F.sP. F{_lmw, {io Ipcy³ A{_lmw XpS§nb hrànIsf {]tXyIw FSp¯p ]dtb­Xmbn«p­v. Hmtcm Znhkhpw ]Ån¸WnbpsS taÂt\m«w hln¡m³ AhÀ F¯nbncp¶p. ]ÅnbpsS taÂt\m«w hln¡m\ AhÀ F¯nbncp¶p. ]ÅnbpsS ¹m³ cq]I¸\ sNbvX F©n\obÀ tPmk^v AeIvkm­dpsS t\XrXzD¯n F©n\obÀamcmb Ipcphnf, ]n.hn. Cu¸³ F¶nhcpw kmt¦XnI taÂt\m«w hln¡m\pw, amÀK\nÀt±i§Ä \ÂIm\pw AhiyL«§fn h¶psIm­ncp¶p. Chs¡Ãmw Np¡m³ ]nSn¨psIm­v _lp. Sn.kn. a¯mbn¨³ ]Ån¸Wnbnepw [\kamlcW¯nepw kZm kabw hym]rX\mbncp¶p. ]Ån¸Wn ]ptcmKan¨p sIm­ncp¶t¸mÄ CShImwK§Ä Hmtcmcp¯cpw Xm¸cy]qÀÆw AXnsâ ]ptcmKXn ImWm\pw Bhiyamb klIcW§Ä \ÂIm³ k¶²cmbpw F¯nbncp¶psh¶Xpw {]kvXmhyamWv. ssZh¯nsâ Afhä IcpWbm GX­v A¿mbncw NXpc{i ASn hnkvXoÀWhpw, apJhmc¯n\v 77 ASn DbchpapÅ at\mlcamb tZhmeb¯nsâ ]Wn H³]Xv amkw sIm­v ]qÀ¯oIcn¡m\mbn.

hnImcn _lp. Sn.kn. a¯mbn A¨³ {]kn­v), {SÌn {io.F.sP. A{_lmw, {ioam³amÀ Ipcnb³ A{_lmw, Fw.kn. t]m¯³, Fw.kn. amXyp, ]n.H. Xcnb³, tXmakv hÀKokv, sNdnbm³ F. ]Wn¡À, kn.hn. tPmÀPv, sI.kn. tNdp¡q«n, ]n.sI. tNd¸³, kn.hn. sNdnbm³, hn.Fw. tP¡ºv, Fw.kn. hÀKokv, hn.]n. tPm¬, ]n.hn. Cu¸³, tPmk^v AeIvkm­À, Ipcphnf hÀKokv, {ioaXn Fw.]n. sNdnbm³, {ioaXn Ipªm½ t]mÄ XpS§nbhcpsS t\XrXzhpw CShImwK§fpsS \nÀtem`amb klmbklIcW§fpamWv C{XthKw ]Ån ]WnXpbÀ¯phm³ km[n¨Xv. BhWnbn F³. cmLh³ (N§\mtÈcn) Bbncp¶p ]Ån ]WnbpsS IdmcpImc³.

H¼Xpamkw sIm­v Ia\obambn ]WnXoÀ¯ Cu ssZhaµncw kapZmbkulmÀ±¯nsâ Hcp kapÖze {]XoIamWv. lnµp¡fpw, apÉo§fpw CXc k`m hn`mK§fpw ssI Xpd¶v ]Ån ]Wn¡v klmbw \ÂInbn«p­v.

1971 s^{_phcn 2021 XobXnIÄ Cu CShImwK§sf kw_Ôn¨St¯mfv ad¡m\mhm¯ kpZn\§fmWv B Znhk§fnembncp¶p Cu tZhmeb¯nsâ IpZmi. tZhmeb IpZmi¡mbn tImgnt¡mSv F¯nt¨À¶ ae¦c HmÀ¯tUmIvkv kpdnbm\n k`bpsS ]cam²y£³ ]cnip² _mtkentbmkv HutK³ {]Ya³ ImtXmen¡m_mh, \nbà ImtXmen¡m A`nhµy amXyqkv amÀ A¯m\mkntbmkv sa{Xt¸men¯, A¦amen `{Zmk\m[n]³ A`nhµy ^nent¸mkv amÀ sXtbm^ntemkv sa{Xnt¸men¯, sIm¨n `{Zmk\m[n]³ A`nhµy bqlmt\m³ amÀ tkthdntbmkv sa{Xmt¸meo¯, CShI sa{Xmt¸meo¯ A`nhµy tXmakv amÀ Xntam¯ntbmkv F¶nhÀ¡v tImgnt¡mSv \Kck`bpsSbpw, `àP\§fpsSbpw hIbmbn Dujvafamb hcth¸v \ÂIn. hensbmcp P\mhenbpsSbpw ]©hmZytaf§fpsSbpw AI¼SntbmsS A`nhµy ]nXm¡³amsc \S¡mhnse ]gb ]Ånbn \n¶v _nem¯n¡pfw ]Ånbnte¡m\bn¨p. ae¦c HmÀ¯tUmIvkv k`bpsS ]cam²y£\pw \nbpà ImtXmen¡bpw, aäp aq¶p sa{Xms¸men¯³amcpw Hs¯mcpan¨v tImgnt¡m«v kt½fn¡p¶Xv ae_mÀ `{Zmk\¯nsâ Xs¶ Ncn{X¯n AhnkvacnWobamb BZy kw`hambncp¶p.

Iam\§fpw tXmcW§fpw sIm­v AewIrXamb kKchoYnIfneqsS Nn«bmbn \S¶ tLmjbm{XbpsS Gähpw ap¼n ImtXmen¡m kowlmk\ ]XmItb´nb aq¶p \¶²`S³amcmWv Øm\w ]nSn¨Xv. AXn\v sXm«p]ndInembn shÅn¡pcniv, sN­tafw, ]e hÀW¯nepÅ ap¯p¡pSIÄ, IpcniSbmfapÅ Nph¸v sImSnIÄ hoins¡m­v _menIm _me³amÀ, _mâv kwLw, kv{XoIÄ kvXpXnKoX§Ä Be]n¨psIm­v KmbIkwLw, ae_mdnsâ hnh[ `mK§fn \ns¶¯nt¨À¶ `àP\§Ä, Idp¯ Ip¸mbaWnª sshZnIÀ F¶nhÀ aµw aµw \S¶p \o§n. CXn\v ]ndInembn Ae¦cn¨ cY¯nÂ, `àP\§sf BioÀhZn¨v sIm­p ]cnip² ImtXmen¡m _mhm Xncpta\nbpw aäp sa{Xms¸men¯³amcpw D]hnjvScmbncp¶p.

\nd¡q«Isft¸mse HgpIn \o§nb tLmjbm{X ImWm³ tdmUn\ncphihpw Bbnc§Ä IqSn \n¶p. ]qameIfWnbn¨pw, ssIIÄ hoinbpw `àP\§Ä A`nhµy ]nXm¡·mtcmSpÅ kvt\l`àymZchpIÄ {]ISn¸n¨p. sshIpt¶cw A©c¡v \S¡mhv ]Ånbn \n¶mcw`n¨ Cu `àn \nÀ`camb tLmjbm{X _nem¯nIpfw ]Ånbn FgpaWns¡¯n. kÔym\akvImcs¯ XpSÀ¶v ]ÅnIqZmibpsS H¶mw `mKw ]qÀ¯oIcn¨p.

tZhmeb IqZmibpsS c­mw `mKw s^{_phcn 21þmw XobXn ]. ImtXmen¡m _mhbpsS {][m\ ImÀanIXz¯nepw aäv \mev A`nhµy sa{Xms¸meo¯amcpsS klImÀanIXz¯nepw \S¶p. A¶psshIpt¶cw hnZypXvZo]§sfs¡m­pw tXmcW§sfs¡m­pw AewIrXamb ]Ånb¦W¯n \S¶ s]mXpkt½f\¯n \m\m PmXn aXØcmb h¼n¨ P\mhen k¶nlnXcmbncp¶p. ]. ImtXmen¡m _mh A²y£ hln¨p. tbmK¯n Bcm[y\mb \Kc]nXmhv {io. ]n.Sn.a[pkqZ\¡pdp¸v, \nbpà ImtXmen¡m amXyqkv amÀA¯m\mkntbmkv, sXmgnbqÀ kzX{´ kpdnbm\n k`bpsS ]utemkv amÀ ]oeIv knt\mkv amXr`qan No^v FUnäÀ {io. sI.]n. tIihtat\m³, Unkv{SnÎv PUvPn sI.saml½Zmen, {io. aqÀt¡m¯v Ipª¸, dh. ^m. sP.Fw.shÀtKm¯n\n, {io. Fw.Fw. tXmakv, ^nent¸mkv amÀ sXtbm^ntemkv sa{Xms¸meo¯m F¶nhÀ BiwkIÄ t\cm³ F¯n.

]pXnb ]Ån ]WnbpsS km¼¯nI `mc¯n\nSbnepw PohImcpWy {]hÀ¯\§Ä A\kyqXw \S¶psIm­ncp¶psh¶Xv {]tXyIw {]kvXmhyamWv.

tNhmbqÀ IpjvTtcmK tImf\nbnse At´hmknIÄ¡mbn 5000¯n ]cw cq] Nnehm¡n Hcp InWÀ Ipgn¸n¨psImSp¯p. At´hmknIfpsS Xmak¯n\mbn ]Xn\mbnc¯nÂ]cwcq] sNehn Hcp sI«nSw ]Wnbn¸n¨p. A¶s¯ kwØm\ s]mXpP\mtcmKyhIp¸v a{´n {io._n.shÃnwKvSsâ A²y£Xbn tNÀ¶ tbmKw Atkmkntbjsâ Cu {]hÀ¯\s¯ apàIWvTw {]iwkn¡pIbp­mbn. Hcp cq] dm^nÄ ]ncnhneqsS Atkmkntbj³ kamlcn¨ ap¸¯¿mbncw cq] ]Ån ]Wn¡v th­n \ÂIm\mbXpw henb kw`hamWv. {ioaXn Fw.]n. sNdnbm\mWv Gähpw IqSpX dm^nÄ Sn¡äpIÄ hnäv [\kamlmc kwcw`s¯ hnPbn¸n¨Xv.

1972se ]oUm\p`hhmc {ip{iqjIfpw s]klhymgmgvNs¯ Im IgpI {ip{iqjbpw ae_mÀ `{Zmk\m[n]³ A`nhµy tXmakv amÀ Xntam¯ntbmkv sa{Xmt¸meo¯mbpsS {][m\ ImÀanIXz¯n \S¶Xpw CShImwK§sf kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw AhnkvacWobamb kw`hw Xs¶.

1972 _lp. Sn.kn.a¯mbn A¨³ sshZnI skan\mcnbpsS hnIk\ {]hÀ¯\¯n\pw th­n ]Ww kamlcn¡m³ Bdpamks¯ Ah[nbn {]thin¨v hntZit¯¡v t]mbn. _lp. sI.sI. amXyqk¨³ (Ct¸mÄ amXyqkv amÀ _À¶_mkv sa{Xt¸meo¯) 1972 hnImcnbmbn NpaXetbäp. ]ÞnX\pw, BNmcm\pjvTm\§fn \njvTbpapÅ At±lw CShImwK§fpambn \à Bß_Ôw ]peÀ¯pIbpw A²ymßnI ssNX\y¯n CShIsb \bn¡pIbpw sNbvXp. 1973 AknÌâv hnImcnbmbn tkh\a\pjvTn¨ _lp. sI.Pn. sNdnbm\¨sâ tkh\w CShI \µntbmsS kvacn¡p¶p.

CShIbnse km[p¡fmb `h\clnXÀ¡v hoSpIÄ \nÀ½n¨psImSp¡p¶Xn\v _lp. Sn.kn. a¯mbn A¨sâ A{im´]cn{iaambn 1974 sabv amk¯n I®qÀ tdmUn I\Imeb _m¦n\v ap³hi¯v Ccp]Xv skâv Øew skâvtPmÀPv Atkmkntbjsâ t]cn hm§n. 6.8.1974 _lp. Sn.kn. a¯mbn A¨³ D]cn]T\mÀ°w Atacn¡bn t]mhpIbpw, _lp. sI.Fw. hÀKok¨³ hnImcnbmbn Øm\w G¡pIbpw sNbvXp.

1974 \hw_À amkw 10þmw XobXn RmbdmgvN ae_mÀ `{Zmk\m[n]³ A`nhµy tXmakv amÀ Xotam¯ntbmkv sa{Xmt¸meo¯bpsS km¶n²y¯nÂ, A¦amen `{Zmk\m[n]³ A`nhµy ^nent¸mkv amÀ tXtbm^ntemkv sa{Xmt¸meo¯ hoSpIfpsS inemØm]\ IÀ½w \nÀÆln¨p. At¶ Znhkw 3 aWn¡v amÀ{KotKmdntbmkv HmÀ¯tUmIvkv hnZymÀ°n {]Øm\w I¯o{U bqWnänsâ DZvLmS\w Cu {]Øm\¯nsâ {]knU­v A`nhµy tXtbm^ntemkv sa{Xmt¸meo¯ \nÀÆln¨p. tZhKncn tImtfPv {]n³kn¸Â dh. ^mZÀ sP. sFhm³kv, D¯ctIcf Un.sF.Pn. {io. tPm¬ a¯mbn F¶nhÀ BiwkIÄ AÀ¸n¨p.

1976 _lp. Sn.kn. a¯mbn A¨³ Atacn¡bn \n¶v Xncn¨phcp¶Xphsc _lp. sI.Fw.hÀ¤ok¨³ hnImcnbmbncp¶p. _lp. a¯mbn A¨³ Ah[nIgnªv F¯nbtXmsS hoSpIfpsS ]Wn [rXKXnbn \S¶p. 1977 HmSpIqSn \mep hoSpIfpsS ]Wn ]qÀ¯oIcn¨p. km[p¡Ä¡v hoSv \ÂIWsa¶ Bibw A¦pcn¨t¸mÄ Xs¶ ae_mÀ `{Zmk\m[n]sâ \mtam[b¯n hoSpIÄ ]Wnbp¶ tImf\n Adnbs¸SWsa¶ s]mXp A`n{]mbw am\n¨v CXns\ Xntam¯ntbmkv tImf\n F¶v \maIWw sNbvXp.

1977 HmKÌv 1þmw XobXn _lp. Sn.kn. a¯mbn A¨³ hnImcn Øm\¯p \n¶p hncan¨Xns\ XpSÀ¶v _lp. ]n.hn. A{_lmw A¨³ hnImcnbmbn \nbanX\mbn. _lp. Sn.kn. a¯mbn A¨³ XpS§nsh¨ ]²XnIÄ ]qÀ¯oIcn¡p¶Xn _lp. A{_lmw A¨³ DÕpI\mbn. k\ymkn hcy\mb At±lw CShImwK§fpsS Bßob ]cnt]mjW¯nepw kZmkabhpw hym]rX\mbncp¶p.

Xntam¯okv tImf\nbn \mÂ]Xn\mbnc¯nÂ]cw cq] Nnehgn¨v ]WnXoÀ¯v \mev hoSpIfpsS Hu]NmcnIamb Xmt¡m Zm\IÀ½w 1978 P\phcn 29þmw XobXn RmbdmgvN ae_mÀ `{Zmk\m[n]³ A`nhµy tXmakv amÀ Xntam¯ntbmkv sa{Xmt¸meo¯m \nÀÆln¨p. ^m. sI.Fw.hmÀKokv, ^m. sI.sF.^nen¸v F¶nhcpw NS§n kw_Ôn¡m³ F¯nbncp¶p.

1977 CShImwKamb {io. sI.kn.sNdnbm³ Ipcnin³ sXm«n]Wnbm\mbn ]pXnbdbn Øew Zm\w sN¿pIbp­mbn. Ipcnin³ sXm«n ]Wnbm\mbn _lp. ]nhn. A{_lmw A¨³ {]knU­mbn I½än cq]oIcn¨p. {]hÀ¯\amcw`n¨p. CShImwKamb sI.H.ss\\m³ Bbncp¶p BÀ¡nsSÎv.

1979 \hw_À 4þmw XobXn ae_mÀ `{Zmk\m[n]³ A`nhµy tXmakv amÀ Xotam¯ntbmkv sa{Xmt¸meo¯ ]cnip²\mb ]cpae Xncpta\nbpsS \ma¯n Ipcnin³ sXm«nbpsS IÃnS IÀ½w \nÀÆln¨p. at\mlcambn ]WnXoÀ¯ Ipcnin³ sXm«nbpsS IqZmimIÀ½w 1980 s^{_phcn 10þmw XobXn CShI sa{Xms¸meo¯m \nÀÆln¨p.

A©p hÀjs¯ kvXpXyÀlamb tkh\¯n\p tijw 1982 \hw_À 8þmw XobXn _lp. ]n.hn. A{_lmw A¨³ ]cpae skan\mcn amt\PÀ Bbn \nbanX\mbXns\XpSÀ¶v hnImcn Øm\¯p\n¶pw hncan¨p. ]Icw hnImcnbmbn h¶Xv _lp. C.Fw. ^nen¸v A¨\mbncp¶p. {lkzImes¯ ÇmL\o.amb tkh\¯n\ptijw _lp. ^nen¸¨³ 1983 Pq¬ 16\v ]m¼mSn amÀ Ipdnbmt¡mkv tImtfPn A²ym]I\mbn \nba\w In«nbXns\ XpSÀ¶v hnImcn Øm\¯p\n¶pw hncan¨p.

_lp. hÀKokv ]p¶s¡m¼ne¨\mWv ]n¶oSv hnImcnbmbn h¶Xv. _lp. A¨³ hnImcnbmbncp¶t¸mÄ CShIbv¡v Ht«sd t\«§Ä ssIhcn¡m\mbn«p­v. 1983 Pq¬ 26þmw XobXn IqSnb amt\PnwKv I½nän tbmK¯n ]gb ]ÅnØe¯v Hcp tjm¸nwKv tImw¹Ivkv ]Wnbp¶Xns\¡pdn¨v BtemNn¡pIbpw AXnsâ ¹m\pw FÌntaäpw X¿mdm¡m³ CShImwKamb F©n\nbÀ ]n.än.]utemkns\ NpaXes¸Sp¯pIbpw sNbvXp. ]utemkv F©n\nbÀ kaÀ¸n¨ ¹m\pw FÌntaäpw 1983 BKÌv 18þmw XobXn IqSnb I½än AwKoIcn¨p. CXnsâ ]Wn XzcnXs¸Sp¯m\mbn _lp. hÀKokv ]p¶s¡m¼ne¨³ A²y£\mbn kn.hn.tPmÀPv, sNdnbm³ F. ]Wn¡À, F. tXmakv amXyq, ]n.Sn.]utemkv, F.sI. Ipcy³ F¶nhÀ AwK§fpambn _nÂUnwKv I¬kv{S£³ I½än cq]oIcn¨p. 1985 BKÌv 23\v sI«nS¯nsâ inemØm]\ IÀ½w \nÀÆln¨p. CShImwK§fpsS kmb klIcWt¯msS sI«nS¯nsâ \mepapdnIÄ BZyL«sa¶ \nebn ]qÀ¯oIcn¨v hmSI¡v \ÂIm\mbn.

1987 ]Ån ]cnkc¯v Hcp aÄ«n ]À¸kv sjÍv ]WnbpIbp­mbn 1988se Iãm\p`h BgvNbnse {ip{iqjIfpw ImÂIgpIÄ {ip{iqjbpw CShI sa{Xmt¸meo¯mbpsS ImÀanIXz¯n \S¶p. 1988 Unkw_À amk¯n amÀ{KntKmdntbmkv HmÀ¯tUmIvkv hnZymÀ°n {]Øm\¯nsâ BÄ C´ym tIm¬{^³kn\v Cu tZhmebw BXnYyacpfnbXv FSp¯p ]db¯¡ kw`h§fnsem¶mWv.

1990 Pq¬ 1þmw XobXn ^. hÀKokv ]p¶s¡m¼ne¨³ hnImcn Øm\¯v \n¶v hncan¡pIbpw ]Icw ]¯\m]pcw au­v Xmt_mÀ ZbdmwKamb _lp. Sn.kn. tPmÀÖv A¨³ hnImcnbmbn \nbanX\mhpIbpw sNbvXp. \mev amks¯ tkh\s¯XpSÀ¶v _lp. Sn.kn.tPmÀÖv A¨³ Zbdmbnte¡ Xncn¨pt]mhpIbpw ]Icw 1990 HtÎm_À 1þmw XobXn ^m. Fw.Un.tPm¬ hnImcnbmbn \nbanX\mhpIbpw sNbvXp.

_lp. A¨³ BZyambn CShIbnse FÃm `h\§fpw kµÀin¨v ØnXn hnhcIW¡v X¿mdm¡n. CShImwK§fpsS Bßob Iq«mbva ]cnt]mjn¸n¡p¶Xn\pw ]ckv]c kvt\lhpw klIcWhpw IqSpX ZrVh¡cn¡p¶Xn¶v klmbn¡pamdv IpSpw_§sf A©v {Kq¸pIfmbn Xncn¨v {]m°\m tbmK§Ä Bcw`n¨p. Ah Xmsg ]dbp¶hbmWv. 1. skâv tacokv {]mÀ°\m tbmKw, Su¬ `mKw 2. skâv tPmÀÖv {]mÀ°\m tbmKw, shÌvlnÂ, It¡mSn `mKw 3. skâv t]mÄkv {]mÀ°\m tbmKw ]pXnbd `mKw 4 skâv {KntKmdntbmkv {]mÀ°\m tbmKw aem¸d¼v, saUn¡Â tImtfPv `mKw 5. skâv tPm¬kv {]mÀ°\mtbmKw IÃmbv, ao©´ `mKw 1990 Unkw_À 25\v {InkvXpakv Bcm[\ Cu CShIbpsS ap³hnImcnbpw Ct¸mÄ Atacn¡³ `{Zmk\m[n]\pamb A`nhµy amXyqkv amÀ _À¶_mkv sa{Xmt¸meo¯bmWv \S¯nbXv. aÀ¯adnbw h\nXm kamP¯nsâ `{Zmk\ hmÀjnc tIm¬^d³kn\v 1990 Unkw_À 27, 28 XobXnIfn I¯o U tZhmebw BXntYbXzw hln¨p. {InkvaXv {KoänwKv KmÀUnt\msSm¸w Hcp hÀjs¯ ]Ånbnse FÃm ]cn]mSnIfpw Bcm[\m kabhpw ImWn¨psIm­v{]kn²s¸Sp¯nb ]mcnjv Ie­À CShImwK§Ä¡v Hcp ]pXnb A\p`hambncp¶p. AXv C¶pw XpScp¶p. 1990 Unkw_À amk¯n Fw.Pn.Hm.kn.Fkv.Fwsâ t\XrXz¯n CYw{]Zambn {InkvXpakv {So aÕcw \S¯pIbp­mbn. 1990 Unkw_À 31\v cm{Xn apgph\pw ]pXphÂkc ]ndhn¡pÅ Hcp¡ambn (Vigil Prayer) AJÞ {]mÀ°\ \S¯pIbp­mbn. 1991 s^{_p. amk¯n ]gb]Ån Øe¯pÅ OSC Shopping Complexsâ c­mwL« ]Wn Bcw`n¨p. CXn\mbn {io. t]mÄ.]n.Ip¶¯v sNÀam\pw ]n.Sn.]utemkv, {io. kn.sI. C«n¡pªv, {io. ]n.Sn.hÀ¤okv, {io. sI.]n.amXyp, {io. sI.kn. amWn F¶nhÀ AwK§fmbn Hcp _nÂUnwKv I¬kv{S£³ I½än {]hÀ¯n¨ncp¶p. I¬kv{S£³ I½änbpsS I¬ho\dmb {io. t]mÄ ]n. Ip¶¯nsâ kaÀ°amb taÂt\m«¯n H¶chÀjw sIm­v 13000 NXpc{i ASn hnkvXoÀ®apÅ aq¶v \ne sI«nSw ]WnIgn¸n¡m³ km[n¨p. Cu OSC Shopping Complex Fs¶¶pw tImgnt¡mSv ]«W¯n Hcp A`nam\ kvXw`ambn ]cnekn¡pw.

Ignª 25 hÀj¡mew Bcm[\ \S¯nb ]gb]Ån s]mfn¨p \o¡nsb¦nepw B kvacW Fs¶¶pw \ne\nÀ¯Wsa¶v FÃmhÀ¡pw AXnbmb B{Klap­mbncp¶p. XmÂ^eambn ]Wn]qÀ¯nbmb OSC Shopping Complexse sX¡p]Snªmsd apdn 1992 s^{_p. 22\v i\nbmgvN CShI sa{Xms¸meo¯m A`nhµy tXmakv amÀ¯ntam¯ntbmkv Xncpta\n IpZmi sNbvXp Ipcnip]Ånbmbn {]Jym]n¨p.

1992 P\phcn 19þmw XobXnbnse BZy^e s]cp¶mfpw hmÀjnI skbnepw Hcp h³hnPbambncp¶p. AXn \n¶pw e`n¨ 35,000 cq] k¬tU kvIqÄ sI«nSw \nÀ½n¡p¶Xnsâ Bhiy¯nte¡mbn Hcp dnkÀÆv ^­v Bbn amäm³ \nÝbn¡pIbpw sNbvXp.

1992 Pq¬ amk¯n skâv tPmÀÖv Atkmkntbjsâ B`napJy¯n Hcp k½m\ Iq¸¬ ]²Xn \S¯pIbp­mbn. 2 e£¯n Adp]Xn\mbnct¯mfw cq] k½m\Iq¸¬ ]²Xn hgn kw`cn¡m³ IgnªXv Hcp h³t\«amWv. B XpIbn Hcp `mKw (35,000 cq]) Cu CShIbnse 4 s]¬Ip«nIfpsS hnhmlw \S¯p¶Xn\v [\klmbambn \ÂIn. 31,000 cq] apS¡n `«vtdmUn `h\clnX\mb Hcp CShImwK¯n\v ]pXnb hoSv \À½n¨psImSp¯p. ap¡m e£t¯mfw cq] apS¡n `h\ clnXÀ¡v hoSv sh¨p sImSp¡p¶Xn\mbn It¡mSn F¶ Øe¯v 15 skâv Øew hm§n¨p. AhnsS L«w L«ambn ]{´­v ^vfmäv ]Wnbm\mWv Dt±in¡p¶Xv. ap³ ae_mÀ `{Zmk\m[n]³ Imew sNbvX ]t{Xmkv amÀ HkvXm¯ntbmkv sa{Xs¸meo¯bpsS ]mh\kvacW \ne\nÀ¯m\mbn ]pXpXmbn ]Wn Ign¸n¡p¶ tImf\n¡v ]t{Xmkv amÀ HkvXm¯ntbmkv tImf\n F¶v t]cnSm³ Xocpam\n¡pIbpw sNbvXp. IqSmsX CShIbnse sXmgn clnXcmb s]¬Ip«nIÄ¡v GXm\pw X¿Â sajo³ hnXcWw sNbvXp.

1992 Unkw. amkt¯msS Xotam¯otbmkv tImf\nbnse Ahtijn¨ c­v hoSnsâ ]Wn ]qÀ¯oIcn¡m³ Ignªp. A§s\ F«v `h\clnXÀ¡v hoSv \ÂIm³ Ignªp.

ASp¯ e£yw CShImwK§fpsS ZoÀLIm A`nemjambncp¶ k¬tU kvIqÄ sI«nSw ]WnbpIsb¶Xmbncp¶p. sI«nSw ]Wnsb Ipdn¨pÅ NÀ¨Ifn apgpInbt¸mtg¡pw kphÀ®Pq_nen hÀjw kamKXambn. A§s\ k¬tU kvIqÄ sI«nSw kphÀ®Pq_nen kvamcIambn ]Wnbp¶Xn\pw Hcp Cw¥ojv aoUnbw kvIqÄ 1994 A²yb\ hÀj¯n Bcw`n¡p¶Xn\pw Xocpam\n¨p.

sI«nS \nÀ½mW {]hÀ¯\§Ä¡mbn {io. ]n.än.tXmakv sNbÀam\mbpw t]mÄ Ip¶¯v, ]n.än.lutemkv, ]n.Fkv.F{_lmw, sI.H.ss\\m³, kn.sI.C«n¡pªv F¶nhÀ AwK§fmbn Hcp _nÂUnwKv I¬kv{S£³ I½än cq]oIcn¨p. {io. ]n.än.tXmaknsâbpw {io. t]mÄ Ip¶¯nsâbpw A£oWamb ]cn{ia¯m sI«nSw ]Wn hfsc thKw ]ptcmKan¨psIm­ncn¡bmWv. hn`mh\w sNbvXncn¡p¶ aq¶v \ne sI«nS¯nsâ 4500Hmfw NXpc{i ASn hnkvXoÀ®apÅ {Ku­v ^vtfmdnsâ ]Wn H¶mw L«ambn 7 e£t¯mfw cq]m apS¡n ]qÀ¯oIcn¡bmWv. B sI«nS¯nsâ IqZmiIÀ½w 1993 Unkw_À 4\v ]c. _m_m Xncpta\n \S¯p¶XmWv. Unkw_À 5\v sI«nS¯nsâ HutZymKnI DÂLmS\w tIcf [\a{´n {io. D½³Nm­n \nÀÆln¡p¶XmWv.

AÛpX]qÀÆambmWv Cu A¼Xv hÀjw ssZhw hgn \S¯nbsX¶Xn\v kwibw H«pw CÃ. ssZhlnXw \ndthäm³ At\Isc ssZhw hnhn[ L«§fn D]tbmKn¨p. NneÀ Imebh\nI¡pÅn adªp. ]s£ AhÀ `qanbnembncn¡pt¼mÄ sNbvX tkh\¯nsâ {]Xn^ew \pIÀ¶psIm­v ssZhXncpap¼n kvtXm{X§fÀ¸n¨psIm­ncn¡p¶psh¶XmWtÃm B\µIcamb hkvXpX.

CShI¡v {InkvXphnsâ ZuXyw ]qÀ¯oIcn¡m³ C\nbpw Gsd sN¿m\ps­¶ bmYmÀ°yw hnkvacn¡bÃ. AXn\mbn ssZhw bYmhkcw Xsâ a¡sf Hcp¡psa¶v {]Xymin¡pIbmWv.